Isoprene is an essential chemical in producing synthetic, but the instability of this chemical makes it very difficult to work with. Genecor and Goodyear have partnered up to develop BioIsoprene (isoprene dervived from  made from renewable sources). Typically, isoprene is dervived from fossil-based oils, which the world is facing a shortage of. Scientists are in the process of perfecting the most efficient way to dervive isoprene from environmentally- friendly sources such as corn, sugar cane, and swithcgrass. The isoprene dervived from biomass is called BioIsoprene.  Genencor intends to commercialize this technology by 2015.  (citation 12) (citation 28)

 (image 9) A tire produced from BioIsoprene

Genencor’s enzyme SPEZYME® Robust Starch Liquefaction (RSL) efficiently liquefies corn. This is very helpful for producers of Ethanol; this enzyme will help ethanol producers reduce costs and increase yield.  SPEZYME® RSL breaks down starch across a wide range of pH levels, resulting in ethanol producers not having to adjust the pH when manufacturing ethanol.

(citation 14) 

Ground Corn                                                                           (image 10)

 Danisco (of which Genencor is a division of) has been granted millions from the The Danish Council for Strategic Research to inspect the nature of enzymes obtained from snakes, spiders, and carnivorous plants. Scientists plan on examining different types of enzymes, such as the enzyme that spiders inject onto their prey to liquefy it. These enzymes can be applied in many ways in the industry, such as detergents, animal nutrition, food, etc.    

(citation 13)


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